Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone

中文名:
哈利·波特與魔法石
作者:
J.K.羅琳 J.K. Rowling
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哈利·波特與魔法石(Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone)簡介:
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is the first novel in the Harry Potter series written by J. K. Rowling and featuring Harry Potter, a young wizard. It describes how Harry discovers he is a wizard, makes close friends and a few enemies at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, and with the help of his friends thwarts an attempted comeback by the evil wizard Voldemort, who killed Harry's parents and tried to kill Harry when he was one year old.

The book was published on 30 June 1997 by Bloomsbury in London, and in the United States under the title Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone by Scholastic Corporation in 1998. It won most of the UK book awards that were judged by children, and other awards in the USA. The book reached the top of the New York Times list of best-selling fiction in August 1999, and stayed near the top of that list for much of 1999 and 2000. It has been translated into several other languages and has been made into a feature-length film of the same name.

Most reviews were very favourable, commenting on Rowling's imagination, humour, simple, direct style and clever plot construction, although a few complained that the final chapters looked rushed. The writing has been compared to that of Jane Austen, one of Rowling's favourite authors, of Roald Dahl, whose works dominated children's stories before the appearance of Harry Potter, and of the Ancient Greek story-teller Homer. While some commentators thought the book looked backwards to Victorian and Edwardian boarding school stories, others thought it placed the genre firmly in the modern world by featuring contemporary ethical and social issues.

Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, along with the rest of the Harry Potter series, has been attacked by several religious groups and banned in some countries because of accusations that the novels promote witchcraft. However, some Christian commentators have written that the book exemplifies important Christian viewpoints, including the power of self-sacrifice and the ways in which people's decisions shape their personalities. Educators regard Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone and its sequels as an important aid in improving literacy because of the books' popularity. The series has also been used as a source of object lessons in educational techniques, sociological analysis and marketing.  從小寄養在姨丈家里的哈利波特,飽受姨父一家人的歧視與欺侮,然而就在11歲生日那天,哈利波特得知了自己的身世,他的生活也隨之發生了天翻地覆的改變。原來,哈利的父母是兩位巫師,在同黑巫師的較量中被殺害了。
  為了繼承父母的遺志,哈利來到了英國一所專門教授魔法與巫術的霍格沃茨學校。進入霍格沃茨魔法學校后,哈利成了格蘭芬多學院的一年級新生,與羅恩、赫敏成了形影不離的好朋友,許多成為魔法師的課程正在等著他研習,有飛行課、黑魔法防御術、魔藥學與變形術等等,當然還有讓所有巫師瘋狂的魁地奇球賽。
  在一次與同學的爭執中,哈利表現出超乎所有人想象的飛行技能,連他自己都很意外。傳授變形術的麥格教授看到這一切后,推薦他加入格蘭芬多魁地奇球賽的隊員,另一方面,魔藥學的教授斯內普,似乎總是對哈利不友善,除了在課堂上刁難他外,還處處找哈利的麻煩,但是,哈利發現斯內普嚴詞威脅著懦弱的奇洛教授,甚至斯內普腿上三頭犬的咬痕,更可以證明哈利的推斷是正確的:有股邪惡的陰謀在平靜的霍格沃茨里悄悄地滋長著,斯內普似乎就是這一切的關鍵人物……
  于是哈利、羅恩與赫敏這三個好朋友決定一同去探個究竟,阻止邪惡陰謀的發生。這三個格蘭芬多一年級的新生,歷經重重難關(當然也違反了不少校規),終于發現:這一切的幕后操縱者竟然是看似無辜的奇洛教授!原來被人們稱為“神秘人”(You-Know-Who)的黑巫師伏地魔失去法力多年,希望得到能使人長生不老的魔法石來恢復元氣。而奇洛被伏地魔附身,變成一個雙面人,事事對伏地魔言聽計從。哈利、羅恩、赫敏這個“格蘭芬多三人組”各盡所能,終于弄清了事實真相,保住了魔法石。哈利自出生以來第二次戰勝了伏地魔。
  這部小說的主旨是“勇氣”。從頭到尾都是過人的膽識支持著主角們的行動。也正是驗證著格蘭芬多,勇氣,膽識,與氣魄的精神靈魂。

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