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Faust

中文名:
浮士德
作者:
歌德 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
類型:
小說經典
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浮士德(Faust)簡介:

Faust is the protagonist of a classic German legend; a highly successful scholar, but also dissatisfied with his life, and so makes a deal with the devil, exchanging his soul for unlimited knowledge and worldly pleasures. Faust's tale is the basis for many literary, artistic, cinematic, and musical works.
The meaning of the word and name has been reinterpreted through the ages. Faust, and the adjective faustian, are often used to describe an arrangement in which an ambitious person surrenders moral integrity in order to achieve power and success: the proverbial "deal with the devil".[1]
The Faust of early books—as well as the ballads, dramas, movies and puppet-plays which grew out of them—is irrevocably damned because he prefers human to divine knowledge; "he laid the Holy Scriptures behind the door and under the bench, refused to be called doctor of Theology, but preferred to be styled doctor of Medicine".[1]
Plays and comic puppet theatre loosely based on this legend were popular throughout Germany in the 16th century, often reducing Faust and Mephistopheles to figures of vulgar fun. The story was popularised in England by Christopher Marlowe, who gave it a classic treatment in his play, The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus. In Goethe's reworking of the story 200 years later, Faust becomes a dissatisfied intellectual who yearns for "more than earthly meat and drink".

《浮士德》是一部長達一萬二千一百一十一行的詩劇,第一部二十五場,不分幕。第二部分五幕,二十七場。全劇沒有首尾連貫的情節,而是以浮士德思想的發展變化為線索。這部不朽的詩劇,以德國民間傳說為題材,以文藝復興以來的德國和歐洲社會為背景,寫一個新興資產階級先進知識分子不滿現實,竭力探索人生意義和社會理想的生活道路。是一部現實主義和浪漫主義結合得十分完好的詩劇。

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