Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets

中文名:
哈利·波特與密室
作者:
J.K.羅琳 J.K. Rowling
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哈利·波特與密室(Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets)簡介:
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, first published in 1998, is the second instalment in the Harry Potter series written by J. K. Rowling. During Harry's second year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry a series of messages on the walls on the school's corridors warn that the Chamber of Secrets has been opened and that the "heir of Slytherin" will kill all pupils whose parents are not both magical. These threats are followed by attacks which leave residents of the school petrified. Harry finds an enchanted diary, the property of Tom Marvolo Riddle, which shows him a vision of the last series of attacks, 50 years ago. After the diary is stolen, Harry's friend Hermione Granger is petrified, but a note clasped in her hand reveals that the attacker is a Basilisk which travels through the school's sewers. Ginny Weasley, the younger sister of Harry's friend Ron, is abducted and the two boys set out to hunt down the Basilisk. In the Chamber of Secrets Harry finds Ginny unconscious beside the diary. Tom Riddle appears and reveals that he is a copy, stored in the diary, of the boy who became Voldemort, the dark wizard who caused a magical war and tried to kill Harry eleven years ago. Riddle summons the Basilisk but Fawkes, Professor Dumbledore's phoenix, brings Harry Godric Gryffindor's sword. Harry kills the Basilisk but is mortally wounded by its venomous fangs, one of which breaks off. After being healed by Fawkes, Harry stabs the diary with the broken fang, destroying the copy of Tom Riddle. A potion which has been in preparation since the Basilisk's first attack restores all of its victims.

Although Rowling found it difficult to finish the book, it won high praise from critics and awards from critics, young readers and the book industry, although some critics thought the story was perhaps too frightening for younger children. Some religious authorities have condemned its use of magical themes, while others have praised its emphasis on self-sacrifice and on the way in which a person's character is the result of the person's choices.

Commentators noted that personal identity is a strong theme, highlighted in Harry's questions about himself and in the concealment of idenity by Tom Riddle and by the vain, dishonest and cowardly celebrity Gilderoy Lockhart. Opposition to racism is exemplified by Harry's considerate treatment of various non-magical, non-human and non-living characters. Some commentators regard the diary as a warning against uncritical acceptance of information from sources whose motives and reliability cannot be checked. Harry and Ron show little regard for rules, and Dumbledore endorses their actions because thay saved the school. Institutional authority is portrayed as self-serving and incompetent.

The film version of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, released in 2002, became the third film to exceed $600 million in international box office sales and received generally favourable reviews. However, The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers won the Saturn Award for the Best Fantasy Film. Video games loosely based on Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets were also released for several platforms, and most obtained favourable reviews.   哈利·波特在霍格沃茨魔法學校學習一年之后,暑假開始了。他在姨父姨媽家熬過痛苦的假期。正當他準備打點行裝去學校時,家養小精靈多比前來發出警告:如果哈利返回霍格沃茨,災難將會臨頭。多比為哈利重返霍格沃茲設置了很多障礙,但哈利和羅恩還是開著韋斯萊先生會飛的福特老爺車,義無反顧地回到了霍格沃茨……
  新來的黑魔法防御課老師 吉德羅.洛哈特 是很多女巫的偶像,因為他外貌英俊,風度翩翩,而且他寫出了一系列著作,如《會魔法的我》等等,描述了他所經歷的很多驚險的場面,為他在魔法界贏得了很高的聲譽。然而,通過了解,哈利漸漸發現,洛哈特教授不過是一個夸夸其談的偽君子,他在魔法上造詣似乎并不像他吹噓的那樣深厚。并且,洛哈特教授生性虛榮,不斷向哈利傳輸所謂“名人的行為準則”,讓哈利不勝其煩。
  了解才一開學,魔法學校里就怪事連連:幾個學生和守門人的貓受到某種可怕的力量的攻擊而石化,事發現場留著鮮紅墨水寫就的“密室已被打開……”
  為了加強同學們的防范意識,洛哈特教授和斯內普教授組織了一個“魔法決斗小組”,旨在向同學們傳授一些基本的魔法防御知識。在演習過程中,哈里無意中說了“蛇語”,以阻止馬爾福變出的蛇攻擊同學,但是這一舉動引起了軒然大波,因為,即使在巫師界,會說蛇語,也就是所謂的“蛇佬腔”也是不受歡迎的,因為這會讓人認為這個人喜好黑魔法。而哈利以前從來不知道自己會說“蛇語”,同學們都誤解,紛紛猜測他就是“斯萊特林的繼承人”,并且把哈利看成是一個危險分子,這讓哈利迷惑并痛苦不已。哈利的耳邊時常傳出幽靈般的聲音:密室之門將被打開……這讓哈利更加迷惑。同時,又有幾名曾經說過哈利壞話的同學被石化了,這讓大家的恐慌情緒更重了。
  在霍格沃茲里,流傳著一個古老的傳說。當年霍格沃茲的四位創始人在招收學生的意見上,有著很大的分歧。斯萊特林認為,只有血統最為純正的純血統巫師,才有資格進入他的學院學習。斯萊特林在霍格沃茲的一個地方建立了一個密室,傳說中只有斯萊特林的繼承人才能打開密室。沒人知道這個密室在哪里,但是50年前,密室曾經被打開過,并且有一名學生死了。
  面對越來越多的受害者,學校里一片恐慌。學校甚至宣布,可能要關閉。
  赫敏哈利,赫敏和羅恩三人決心要找出密室的秘密。他們懷疑這一切都是馬爾福干的。他們配置了復方湯劑,變成克拉布和高爾的樣子,想從馬爾福口中套出話來。可是,就連馬爾福也不知道誰是“斯萊特林的繼承人”,更沒有打開密室。哈利在他們平時配置湯劑的女盥洗室里面無意中發現了一本日記,雖然看上去破破爛爛,但是里面一個字都沒有。哈利帶走了這本日記,并且驚奇的發現,這本日記自己會思考,還會與人交流。日記自稱叫“湯姆.里德爾”,曾經是霍格沃茲的學生。并且向哈利展示了他的一段記憶,哈利發現,50年前,原來是海格打開了密室,放出了怪物,殺死了一名學生。
  哈利去找海格求證,海格否認曾經打開密室。正在這時,魔法部官員前來逮捕海格,海格被帶去了阿茲卡班,鄧布利多也被迫被解除了霍格沃茲校長的職務。海格走之前,為哈利留下了一條線索:“只要跟著蜘蛛,就能得到線索。”
  為了解開一連串恐怖的謎團,哈利必須探索密室之謎,而致命的危機正一步步臨近……
  在一次魁地奇比賽后,哈利和羅恩被告知,赫敏也被石化了。二人心痛不已,更加決心要找出密室的秘密。可是一切毫無線索,就在二人毫無頭緒時,哈利發現了蜘蛛,他們倆尾隨蜘蛛來到了禁林深處,禁林深處住著一個巨蜘蛛群體,群體的首領阿拉戈克曾經是海格的朋友,阿拉戈克證實,海格沒有打開密室,打開密室的另有其人。就當以阿拉戈克為首的蜘蛛要攻擊哈利和羅恩時,韋斯萊先生的會飛的福特車趕到,救了他們一命。
  哈利和羅恩在一次探視被石化的赫敏時,無意中發現赫敏手中握著一張從圖書館書上撕下來的紙,上面寫著“蛇怪” 和“管子”。哈利一下子恍然大悟,原來他一直聽到的聲音是蛇怪的聲音,因為他是蛇佬腔,所以只有他能聽到,而別人聽不到。而這個聲音之所以一直在移動,是因為蛇怪一直藏在城堡里的下水管道里面,并移動著。而50年前死去的女學生,如果她一直沒有離開她死去的地方,那么她就是女生盥洗室里的幽靈“了界人物形象”。
  哈利跑去向“哭泣的桃金娘”證實,“哭泣的桃金娘”向他講述了上次密室被打開的場景。她因為和蛇怪對視了一下,就馬上斃命了。而通過反光的東西看到蛇怪眼睛的人就會被石化。
  就在這時,壞消息再次傳來,羅恩的妹妹金妮被蛇怪劫走了。羅恩和哈利決定馬上去救金妮。他們逼迫洛哈特教授陪同他們,通過桃金娘的盥洗室,哈利用蛇語打開了通往密室的通道,進入了密室。在通往密室的通道中,洛哈特教授準備對哈利和羅恩實施遺忘咒,沒想到羅恩的壞魔杖把這個惡咒反而作用在了洛哈特教授身上,洛哈特教授失去了記憶。同時,惡咒的威力讓通道塌陷了,哈利只好一個人繼續前行。在密室里,哈利見到了湯姆.里德爾,才知道,原來他就是伏地魔的少年時代。伏地魔在霍格沃茲讀書期間,曾經打開密室,放出了蛇怪。現在,他的一部分記憶存活在日記本里,金妮得到了這本日記,并向他傾訴了自己的心事,伏地魔從而控制了金妮,令她打開了密室,放出了蛇怪,還在墻上寫下了“密室被打開……”等文字。伏地魔讓蛇怪攻擊哈利,危急時刻,鳳凰福克斯出現,帶給哈利分院帽,哈利從分院帽里抽出了格蘭芬多的寶劍,殺死了蛇怪。與此同時,伏地魔正在吸取著金妮的活力,金妮奄奄一息,伏地魔越來越強大,金妮越來越虛弱,哈利靈機一動,將蛇怪的毒牙刺進了日記本,伏地魔消失了,金妮醒了過來。福克斯的眼淚治好了哈利的傷,他們和羅恩回合,福克斯將他們帶出了密室,回到了霍格沃茲。了解
  學期快結束了,斯普勞特教授培育的曼德拉草成熟了,救活了所有被石化的同學,海格也被釋放了。哈利在霍格沃茲度過的第二年在一片歡樂中結束了。

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